Investigating the correlation between serum folic acid level and febrile seizures in children: A clinical study

Document Type: Original article

Authors

1 Research Center for Patients Safety, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 Department of Pediatrics, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Eye Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

4 Department of Pediatrics Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad university of Medical Sciences

5 Biological sciences student, California state university, East Bay, Hayward, California

10.22038/rcm.2020.49961.1326

Abstract

ABSTRACT
Objective: To evaluate mean folic acid serum levels in febrile children with or without seizures.
Methods: The mean folic acid serum levels and demographic data of 100 children aged 6 to 60 months, admitted to the Ghaem Hospital of Mashhad, Iran in 2018-2019, were collected, where the patients with febrile seizure were considered as the case group and the febrile ones without seizure as the control group. The inclusion criteria were children aged 6 to 60 months with febrile seizures who were admitted to the pediatric ward. The exclusion criteria were having a past medical history of seizure, meningitis, or encephalitis.
Results: There were 49 febrile convulsive children (cases) and 51 febrile children without a seizure (controls). The mean serum folic acid level was 7.07 and 9.89 ng/ml for cases and controls respectively (P-value < 0.001).
Conclusion: Children with febrile seizures had significantly lower serum folic acid levels than febrile children without a seizure.

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