11. Master of Nursing, Department Medical Surgical Nursing, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran.
2Assistant Professor, Mashhad University of Medical sciences, Mashhad Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ebn-e Sina St., Doktora Crossing, Mashhad, Iran.
Introduction: The importance of nurses’ roles in the process of organ transplantation and regarding the results of studies proving the positive effect of nurses in the process, this question arises that “What is " the Level of Knowledge and Attitude of Nurses Working in ICU about Organ and factor related ? The existence of a direct correlation between positive attitudes of treatment-caring medical team, especially nurses, with the level of consent on organ donation, nurses’ knowledge and attitudes were the important subjects of different studies. However, no clear conclusion responding to the stated question has been drawn. The aim of this study is clarifying " the Level of Knowledge and Attitude of Nurses Working in ICU about Organand factor related? Methods: Studies were searched through databases such as web ProQuest, Medscape, MedlinePlus, Magiran, PubMed, and Science Direct within the years 1990-2015 on the subject of interest by keywords knowledge, attitude, organ donation and nurses. Results: Awareness and knowledge are important factors in determining nurses’ attitude, and this awareness should be applied to create positive attitude among those participating in the process of organ donation. Extensive clinical knowledge should be made on organ donation and communication skills among ICU nurses through training programs. Conclusion: Using standard guidelines or scheduled training programs in nursing universities or offering such courses can improve nurses’ level of awareness, which leads to a proper performance. Results show that nurses’ positive attitude and knowledge can affect families’ opinion conducting organ donation.