Neural mechanisms underlying morphine withdrawal in addicted patients: a review

Nima Babhadiashar; Golnaz Vaseghi; Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei; Sasan Andalib; Azadeh Eshraghi; Nooshin Masoudian

Volume 2, Issue 3 , July 2015, , Pages 151-157

  Morphine is one of the most potent alkaloid in opium, which has substantial medical uses and needs and it is the first active principle purified from herbal source. Morphine has commonly been used for relief of moderate to severe pain as it acts directly on the central nervous system; nonetheless, its ...  Read More