HTLV-1: ancient virus, new challenges

Marzieh Rahimzadegan; Farshid Abedi; Seyed Abodolrahim Rezaei; Reza Ghadimi

Volume 1, Issue 3 , August 2014, , Pages 141-148

  Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV-1)  is an ancient pathogen for human being but arising and recognized recently. The routes of transmission are vertical (mainly by breastfeeding), unsafe sexual contacts and through contaminated blood components specially in whom need frequent and repeated blood ...  Read More

The relationship between renal artery stenosis and ischemic nephropathy

Reza Ghadimi; Alireza Abdollahi Moghadam; Marzieh Rahimzadegan

Volume 1, Issue 3 , August 2014, , Pages 160-164

  Ischemic nephropathy is defined as a clinically significant progressive reduction in glomerular filtration rate that is usually associated with significant renal artery stenosis (unilateral or bilateral involvement). Atherosclerotic renal artery disease is known as the most common cause of the ischemic ...  Read More