Iranian Medicinal Plants and Intractable Epilepsy in Childhood: A Narrative Review

Farah Ashrafzadeh; Hadi Tohidi; Elnaz Faraji; Alireza Ataei Nakhaei

Volume 5, Issue 2 , June 2018, , Pages 33-36

  Epilepsy is a major neurological disorder, which may occur in all age groups, including children. Approximately 20% of epileptic children are drug-resistant. Uncontrolled seizures pose variable risks to patients, such as increased mortality rate, trauma, and cognitive and psychiatric disorders. Therefore, ...  Read More

Prognosis of Epilepsies and Epileptic Syndromes in Children: A Narrative Review

Ali Akbar Momen; Reza Azizi Malamiri

Volume 5, Issue 2 , June 2018, , Pages 37-41

  Epilepsies and epileptic syndromes are among the most common chronic neurological disorders in neonates, infants, and children. Remission occurs in 70% of epileptic children, while other cases experience frequent seizures and become refractory to various treatment modalities. Refractory seizures have ...  Read More

General Principles of the Medical Management of Epilepsy in Children: A Literature Review

Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi; Morteza Heidari

Volume 5, Issue 2 , June 2018, , Pages 49-53

  The primary aim of epilepsy treatment is seizure control, and the treatment is principally prophylactic. Although complete seizure control is the most important predictor of improved quality of life, antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) could cause severe side effects in the patients. Therefore, the risk-benefit ...  Read More

The Most Common Treatable Neurometabolic Epilepsies in Children

Parvaneh Karimzadeh; Sasan Saket

Volume 5, Issue 2 , June 2018, , Pages 59-66

  Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder in childhood with prominent neurological manifestations, signs, and symptoms in inherited neurometabolic disorders. Accurate diagnosis of neurometabolic disorders in epileptic patients increases the possibility of a specific treatment to improve epilepsy. Therefore, ...  Read More

The effect of curcumin on epilepsy: an experimental review

Mina Erfani; Farah Ashrafzadeh; javad Akhondian; Hamid Reza Rahimi; Mehran Beiraghi-Toosi; Hashem Lashgari-Kalat; Ehsan Alaei; Monica Zeynalzadeh

Volume 4, Issue 3 , July 2017, , Pages 131-135

  Nearly 70 million people worldwide suffer from epilepsy. Despite administration of routine antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), nearly 30% of seizures are resistant to treatment called drug resistant epilepsy (DRE). Since the epilepsy treatment may result in consequences of multi-drugs administration or sometimes ...  Read More

Effect of valproic acid on metabolic status and endocrine system in pediatric patients with epilepsy: systematic literature review

Sona Sepahi; Bamdad Riahi-Zanjani; Adel Ghorani-Azam

Volume 4, Issue 1 , January 2017, , Pages 7-13

  Introduction: Valproic acid (VPA) is an acidic compound that is commonly used as an anticonvulsant and mood-stabilizing agent in the treatment of epilepsy, mania and bipolar disorders as well as the prevention of migraine headaches. But, it can affect metabolic and endocrine system resulting in hormonal ...  Read More

Renal biopsy in Glomerulonephritis

Masoud Pezeshki Rad; Mina Taghavi; Jahanbakhsh Hashemi; Farzaneh Sharifipour; Abbasali Zeraati

Volume 1, Issue 2 , April 2014, , Pages 71-74

  Glomerulonephritis (GN) is responsible for 25-30% of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among all causes. Renal biopsy is important to determine the GN treatment method and its prognosis. In some cases, renal biopsy is required for definitive diagnosis. Biopsies were used as a diagnostic method in different ...  Read More

Hippocampal volume in childhood seizures

Abolfazl Mahmoudzadeh; Yasamin Davoudi; Hossein Haghir; Maryam Salehi; Farah Ashrafzadeh; Behzad Aminzadeh; Sara Mehrnoosh; Mohammadreza Mehrnoosh

Volume 1, Issue 2 , April 2014, , Pages 82-85

  Many children with hippocampal sclerosis underwent surgery for treatment. Early childhood convulsion occurs in 2 to 4% of population and its prognosis is good in majority of cases. It seems that hippocampal anomalies are common in patients with neocortical epilepsies. The theory of hippocampal sclerosis ...  Read More

Refractory seizures in children

Seyed Ebrahim Mansoorinejad; Farah Ashrafzadeh; Javad Akhondian; Mehran Beiraghi Toosi

Volume 1, Issue 1 , February 2014, , Pages 29-32

  Epilepsy is described as a heterogeneous clinical syndrome results from various cerebral destructions. It is categorized to partial and generalized forms. Degree of neural system impairment and affected area determine the severity and pattern of symptoms. Patients might experience sensory, motor, or ...  Read More