The Prevalence of Hypothyroidism in Patients with Biliary Sludge and Gallstones

Raheleh Jabini; Seyed Musa al-Reza Hosseini; Maryam Shirdeli; Ali Alabaf Yousefi; Mohamadreza Farzanehfar

Volume 7, Issue 1 , March 2020, , Pages 5-9

  Introduction: Gallbladder stone and sludge are common diseases worldwide. The causes of gallbladder stone and sludge are numerous. Since some studies have reported the effects of thyroid hormones on the function of the sphincter of Oddi and biliary discharge, the present study aimed to evaluate hypothyroidism ...  Read More

The adverse effects of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism during pregnancy

Mahnaz Boroumand Rezazadeh

Volume 2, Issue 3 , July 2015, , Pages 147-150

  Due to the important role of thyroid disorders on reproductive health of the women of childbearing age, pregnancy outcome, fetal health, and neurodevelopment of the infant, providing comprehensive assessment of the treatments used for preventing hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism seems to be essential. ...  Read More