Knowledge and Performance of Dentists and Senior Dental Students Regarding the Treatment of Patients Taking Bisphosphonates in Bandar Abbas City, Iran

Document Type : Original article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

2 Faculty of Dentistry, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

3 Student research committee, Faculty of Dentistry, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Bisphosphonates (BP) have recently been used in the treatment of bone diseases. The BP-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a severe complication of long-term usage of BP and can lead to serious consequences. This study aimed to evaluate the level of awareness and performance of dentists and senior dental students in Bandar Abbas, Iran, regarding the treatment of patients who take BP.
Method: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire, based on the standard guidelines, was handed out to dentists and senior dental students in Bandar Abbas city. Variables, such as gender, age, level of awareness, and performance when treating the aforementioned patients were taken into account. The collected data were analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Levene, chi-squared, and independent t-test.
Result: The performance index was 11.8±2.82 in dentists and 14.29±5.8 in senior dental students which indicates a significant difference between them in terms of performance when treating BRONJ in patients taking BP. However, no significant difference was observed in terms of their knowledge. 
Conclusion: The level of performance and knowledge in most dentists and dental students was intermediate and policies should be made to raise their abilities.

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