Document Type : Review

Authors

1 MSc in Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد ، دانشکده پزشکی ، طبقه اول ، گروه معارف اسلامی

4 Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Abstract

مقاله بصورت

Commentary

می باشد

The population of any country is the most important asset of that country (1-4). Demographic change and its role in labor supply, and as a result, in production growth, can play a significant role in the socio-economic growth and development of any country. One of the most important factors affecting demographic changes is the alteration of the fertility rate, which itself strongly influences the supply of labor (5, 6).

According to the report of the United Nations in 2017 regarding the World Population Prospects, almost half of the world's population live in countries with fertility below the succession level (7). In Iran, one of the most important changes has been the rapid decline in fertility and the spread of this trend to all provinces and urban and rural areas (8). Total fertility has decreased from 7 births per woman in 1979 to 1.9 births in 2006, 1.8 births in 2011, 2.01 births in 2016, and 1.65 in 2020, which shows a sharp decline in fertility in Iran over the past decades (9, 10).

Keywords