Introduction: Depression, anxiety, and stress have been shown to be associated with quality of life and sleep quality. This association did not examine separately in men and women. In the present study, we aim to examine the association between depression, anxiety and stress with RLS, Epworth, insomnia, apnea, PSIQ and QoL by gender in Mashhad-study data.
Methods: A total of 289 individuals (143 male and 146 female) aged 30-50 years old who completed the SUVINA study. They completed the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) and quality of life (QoL). For statistical analysis, SPSS software was used for data analysis and p value 0<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: Depression scores were correlated with higher scores for RLS, ESS, insomnia, and PSQI in men but inversely related to QoL (P < 0.05). RLS and PSQI was positively correlated with anxiety in women, and subjects without anxiety had lower mean of RLS and PSQI scores than the other anxiety groups (P < 0.05 for both). QoL was conversely associated with anxiety in women. Stress was related with higher scores of RLS, ESS, insomnia and PSQI in men (all P <0.05).
Conclusion: OlderAlthough scores for depression, anxiety and stress were higher in women compared to men, the association of depression, anxiety and stress with RLS, quality of life and sleep quality varies between genders and unlike our expectation these disorders were more highly correlated with RLS, QoL and sleep quality in men.