Document Type : Original article
Antimicrobial Resistance Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Department of Microbiology and Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Department of Microbiology and Virology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Introduction:In the present study, we evaluated the 4-year antimicrobial resistance trends of several nosocomial pathogens during 2018-2021 in a reffereal Mashhad hospital, Mashhad, Iran.
Methods:In this study, we reviewed the data of 70,234 clinical isolates were registred Infection Control Data of Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. The antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method according to clinical and laboratory standard institute (CLSI) instructions to evaluate trends of antimicrobial resistance over the times.
Results: There were identified (A. baumannii: n = 19,374; K. pneumonia n = 17,206; E. coli n = 23,777; S. epidermidis: n = 9,877). We did not find any significant difference in changes of antimicrobial trends over the time except in minor cases . However, The pattern of antimicrobial drug resistance was gradually differed except E. coli.
Conclusion: our results suggested the overall antimicrobial resistance trends was remins the same level during 2018-2021. It seems that in accessibility and stop prescribing of antibiotics can lead to decreasing antibiotic resistance rate.