Systematic review
Sentinel node mapping for intra-thoracic malignancies: systematic review of the best available evidence

Susan Shafiei; Reza Bagheri; Kayvan Sadri; Amir Hossein Jafarian; Davood Attaran; Shahrzad Mohammadzadeh Lari; Reza Basiri; Amir Mohammad Hashem Asnaashari; Ramin Sadeghi

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 52-57

  Introduction: Sentinel node mapping is a new technique of lymph nodal staging in solid tumors, which can decrease the morbidity of regional lymph node dissection considerably. Intra-thoracic tumors including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and esophageal carcinoma (EC) are among the solid tumors in ...  Read More

Systematic review
Noise pollution in intensive care units: a systematic review article

Gholamreza Khademi; Bahareh Imani

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 58-64

  Introduction: Noise pollution in hospital wards can arise from a wide range of sources including medical devices, air-conditioning systems and conversations among the staffs. Noise in intensive care units (ICUs) can disrupt patients’ sleep pattern and may have a negative impact on cognitive performance. ...  Read More

Is dopamine transporter gene effective on therapeutic response of methylphenidate in ADHD patients?

Fatemeh Moharrari; Soheila Barabadian

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 65-71

  Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neuropsychiatric illness, which affects about 5% of children worldwide. An 80% genetic background is responsible for ADHD due to its appearance in familial relationships. In addition, dopamine regulation in synaptic spaces, which have ...  Read More

Accuracy of frozen section in borderline ovarian tumor

Maryam Dadzan; Fatemeh Tavassoli

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 72-75

  Borderline ovarian tumor or low malignant ovarian tumor presents in 10-15% of all ovarian cancers, which usually affects younger women and have favorable prognosis even with conservative surgery, in which fertility can be preserved. Lack of reliable diagnostic tool to indicate the type of malignancy ...  Read More

Malnutrition associated with head and neck cancers

Sharifeh Haghjoo

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 76-79

  Cancerous patients, under the chemotherapy or radiotherapy, are at high risk of malnutrition due to the associated complications with the treatment procedures such as chewing problems, dysphagia, nausea etc. Considering the patients’ history of alcohol consumption, smoking or any other diseases ...  Read More

Ginkgo biloba as an adjunct to methylphenidate in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children: review of articles

Paria Hebrani; Fatemeh Behdani; Hoda Jalayer

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 80-83

  Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood. The medications which inhibit the reuptake of noradrenline and dopamine including psychostimulants such as methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine and non-stimulating pre-frontal cortex noradrenaline ...  Read More

Blood lead level and seizure: a narrative review

Ahmad Shah Farhat; Gholamreza Khademi

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 84-87

  Environmental pollution is one of the most serious and fast-growing problems in the world of today. Lead poisoning is a threatening environmental situation with the potential of causing irreversible health issues and serious negative consequences in adults and children. Lead proves to have almost no ...  Read More

The utility of perfusion CT and CT angiography on early diagnosis and the management of vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage

Samira Zabihyan; Humain Baharvahdat; Sirous Nekooei; Amir Reza Sabah

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 88-91

  Subarachnoid hemorrhage is one of the most important and dangerous neurologic emergencies worldwide. It is characterized by a sudden and severe headache caused most commonly by the rupture of intracranial aneurysm. Cerebral vasospasm is the most important cause of disability and death in whom survived ...  Read More

Does thyroid dysfunction happen in CML patients receiving Imatinib for treatment?

Hossein Rahimi; Zahra Mazloum Khorasani; Saeedeh Shariati

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 92-95

  Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a myeloproliferative disorder presenting with anemia, elevated blood granulocytosis and the presence of immature granulocytes, basophilia, frequently thrombocytosis and spleen enlargement. The diagnosis is stabilized by hematopoietic stem cell expressing a fusion gene ...  Read More

Carotid artery stenosis and coronary artery disease coincidence

Vahid Shojaee; Mostafa Dastani; Alireza Abdolahi; Hamid Reza Rahimi

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 96-99

  Cerebrovascular event is one of the important causes of death in the world. Carotid artery stenosis is one of main risk factors of cerebrovascular events. Risk factors for atherosclerosis are found in carotid artery stenosis. Thus, coincidence of coronary artery disease and carotid artery stenosis were ...  Read More

Sonography as a new modality in the management of shoulder dislocation

Koorosh Ahmadi; Amir Masoud Hashemian; Kaveh Sineh Sepehr

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 100-102

  The need for both pre- and post-reduction radiographs has recently been questioned when treating shoulder dislocation. Several case reports and case series have suggested that ultrasonography might be useful bedside diagnostic modality for evaluating shoulder dislocation.The purpose of this review was ...  Read More

Pain management in emergency department: intravenous morphine vs. intravenous acetaminophen

Morteza Talebi Doluee; Hamidreza Reihani; Bahram Zarmehri; Hoda Zabihi

Volume 2, Issue 2 , April 2015, Pages 103-106

  Pain is the most common complaint in emergency department and there are several methods for its control. Among them, pharmaceutical methods are the most effective. Although intravenous morphine has been the most common choice for several years, it has some adverse effects. There are many researches about ...  Read More