Original article
Fake Traditional Healers with Superstitious Magical Treatments and Their Practices Regarding Children's Diseases

Yalda Ravanshad; Mohadese Golsorkhi; Sahar Ravanshad; Zahra sadat Mohajeri; Anoush Azarfar

Volume 7, Issue 1 , March 2020, Pages 1-4


  Introduction: Nowadays, fake doctors, known as “Bandis” in our country Iran, represent themselves as traditional healers and use superstitious ideas for the healing of the ill, especially children. Their activities do not comply with any scientific methods. No research has been focused on ...  Read More

Original article
The Prevalence of Hypothyroidism in Patients with Biliary Sludge and Gallstones

Raheleh Jabini; Seyed Musa al-Reza Hosseini; Maryam Shirdeli; Ali Alabaf Yousefi; Mohamadreza Farzanehfar

Volume 7, Issue 1 , March 2020, Pages 5-9


  Introduction: Gallbladder stone and sludge are common diseases worldwide. The causes of gallbladder stone and sludge are numerous. Since some studies have reported the effects of thyroid hormones on the function of the sphincter of Oddi and biliary discharge, the present study aimed to evaluate hypothyroidism ...  Read More

Original article
Effect of Phacoemulsification on Macular Thickness and Volume in Diabetic Patients without Retinopathy

Zahra Ameri Golestan; Nasrin Moghadas Sharif; Nasser Shoeibi; Asieh Ehsaei; Alireza Eslampour; Maryam Kadkhoda; Javad Heravian Shandiz

Volume 7, Issue 1 , March 2020, Pages 10-14


  Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the effect of phacoemulsification on macular thickness and volume in diabetic patients without retinopathy using optical coherence tomography (OCT).Methods: This prospective study included 37 diabetics and 55 non-diabetic patients (n=92) with cataract who ...  Read More

Original article
The Epidemiological Study of the Children Committing Suicide with Toxic Substances Admitted to the Emergency and Pediatric Wards in Iran (2013-2016)

Farah Ashrafzadeh; Farideh Sahebkar; Anahita Alizadeh; Majid Sezavar; Babak Karimi; Maryam Naseri; Gholamreza Khademi

Volume 7, Issue 1 , March 2020, Pages 15-19


  Introduction: Poisoning is the most common method of non-fatal suicide. In recent years, poisoning caused by the use of medications and chemicals has increased. The present study aimed to investigate the rate of suicide using toxic compounds in Iranian children.Methods: This retrospective study was conducted ...  Read More

Original article
Investigating the relationship between hypertension and regular consumption of vitamin D

Nasrin Milani; Mohamad Sajjadi-Manesh; Ehsan Mousa-Farkhani; Ali Taghipour

Volume 7, Issue 1 , March 2020, Pages 20-23


  Introduction: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most life-threatening disorders worldwide. Although some examinations have demonstrated an incidental relationship between blood pressure and serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, there have been new exchanges of views with respect to the influence of low ...  Read More

Original article
The Prevalence and Risk Factors for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in the Expecting Outpatients of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran (2017-2018)

Kazem Saeedi; Ali Taghipour; Ehsan Mousa-Farkhani; Nasrin Milani

Volume 7, Issue 1 , March 2020, Pages 24-29


  Introduction: Diabetes is the most common metabolic disorder during pregnancy. Given the importance of the screening and treatment of gestational diabetes for the prevention of maternal and fetal complications, the present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in the ...  Read More

Systematic review
The Effects of Medicinal Plants on Pancreatic Beta Cells in Diabetes: A Systematic Review of Iranians’ Contributions

Davood Oliaee; Hamid Reza Niazkar; Abbasali Abbasnezhad; Mohammad Ghorbani; Parisa Sadat Alavi Shahri; Saeide Saghaee Shahri; Kasra Ghanaiyan

Volume 7, Issue 1 , March 2020, Pages 30-36


  Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder with a high prevalence, which affects approximately 25% of the world’s population. This systematic review aimed to assess the Iranian research regarding the effects of medicinal plants on pancreatic beta cells in diabetes.Methods: This ...  Read More

The effect of free radicals on sperm DNA and antioxidant protective role; an assessment and review

Soheila Pourmasumi; Parvin Sabeti

Volume 7, Issue 1 , March 2020, Pages 37-42


  Oxidative stress is an imbalance between the level of ROS and antioxidants. Sperm membranes are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids and are very sensitive to increased free radicals. Increasing the level of ROS can lead to an increase in lipid peroxidation in sperm membrane, decrease in their flexibility, ...  Read More