Original article
Effect of Astaxanthin Treatment on the Sperm Quality of the Mice Treated with Nicotine

Milad Ashrafizadeh; Zahra Ahmadi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , March 2019, Pages 1-5


  Introduction: Today, smoking has become a common habit, and researchers have largely been concerned with the adverse health effects of smoking. Some approaches have been proposed to minimize these effects. Nicotine is an alkaloid, which is considered to be a detrimental agent in smokers. The present ...  Read More

Original article
A Comparative Study of Vaginal Misoprostol Moistened with Acetic Acid and Normal Saline in Second-trimester Pregnancy Termination: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Farideh Akhlaghi; Elaham Rezaie Askarye; Mona Najaf Najafi; Zohre Khoee

Volume 6, Issue 1 , March 2019, Pages 6-11


  Introduction: Second-trimester pregnancy termination with live fetuses is an important issue in obstetric practice since it is more challenging than first- and third-trimester pregnancy termination. The present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of vaginal misoprostol moistened with normal saline ...  Read More

The Beneficial Effects of Curcumin on Cardiovascular Diseases and Their Risk Factors

Asal Yadollahi; Mostafa dastani; Bita Zargaran; Amir hossein Ghasemi; Hamid reza Rahimi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , March 2019, Pages 12-19


  Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a yellow, active substance of an herbal origin, which is mainly derived from turmeric of the ginger family. Extensive research has been focused on the therapeutic effects of this substance on diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases, and the hepatoprotective properties ...  Read More

Custodial Cardioplegia and Cardiac Preservation during pediatric Cardiac Surgery Procedures: A Narrative Review

Javad Ramezani; Hamid Hoseinikhah; Kayhan Mizani; Mohamadreza Akbari; Mahsa Moallemi; Maryam Argi; Aliasghar Moeinipour

Volume 6, Issue 1 , March 2019, Pages 20-23


  Controlled intraoperative cardioplegia is indispensable to pediatric cardiac surgery procedures. Several preservation techniques have been proposed for such purposes, with varying application by different surgeons. The custodiol cardioplegia is a recent approach that is considered to be a safe and effective ...  Read More

Current Status and Future Prospect of Brucella Blood Culture in Iran: A Review of the Recent Findings

Massoud Hajia

Volume 6, Issue 1 , March 2019, Pages 24-28


  The prevalence of brucellosis has increased in recent years in some regions in Iran, particularly in the western, northeastern, and some central areas. Undoubtedly, the main causes of brucellosis are the lack of vaccination coverage in livestock and distribution of dairy products. In addition, attention ...  Read More

Surgical Management of Various Types of Maxillary Canine Impaction: A Narrative Review

Arezoo Jahanbin; Mostafa Shahabi; Abdolrasoul Rangrazi; Parastoo Namdar; Farzaneh Lal Alizadeh

Volume 6, Issue 1 , March 2019, Pages 29-32


  With the exception of the third molar, maxillary canine impaction is considered to be the most common form of tooth impaction. The position of the permanent maxillary canine at the angle of the mouth is strategically important in preserving the harmony and symmetry of the dental arches. The incidence ...  Read More

Case report
Acquired Torticollis as the Initial and Only Finding in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: A Case Report

Mandana Khodashahi; Zahra Havashki; Kamran Khazaeni; Amir Hossein Jafarian

Volume 6, Issue 1 , March 2019, Pages 33-36


  Torticollis or involuntarily twisted neck is considered to be a sign rather than a condition. Some of the main causes of torticollis are trauma, medication side-effects, infectious and inflammatory processes, and head and neck tumors.A 26-year-old female patient presented with acute acquired torticollis ...  Read More

Case report
Peritonitis Due to Rothia dentocariosa in Iran: A Case Report

Kobra Salimiyan Rizi; Hadi Farsiani; Kiarash Ghazvini; Masoud Youssefi

Volume 6, Issue 1 , March 2019, Pages 37-39


  Rothia dentocariosa (R. dentocariosa) is a gram-positive bacterium, which is a microorganism that normally resides in the mouth and respiratory tract. R. dentocariosa is known to involve in dental plaques and periodontal diseases. However, it is considered an organism with low pathogenicity and is associated ...  Read More